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- Workplace Accommodations: A Remote Possibility?
- Improve practitionersí ability to identify the need for workplace accommodations
- Potential Solutions
- Remote Assessment: Seeing More Clients in Less Time
- Importance of Bringing Practitioners into the Workplace
- How Can Tele-Technology Help?
- From Home Mods to Workplace Accommodations
- Analysis of Existing Instruments
Workplace Accommodations: A Remote Possibility?
Carrie Bruce, MA, CCC-SLP, ATP
Jon Sanford, M.Arch.
CSUN, Los Angeles, CA
March 24, 2006
Improve practitionersí ability to identify the need for workplace accommodations
Purpose of this Presentation is to improve practitionersí ability to identify the need for workplace accommodations through an introduction to tele-assessment and an overall understanding of the assessment process
Workplace accommodations & assistive technology are an effective strategy to enable people with disabilities to work, yet implementation on a broad basis has not yet occurred due to:
- Difficult for practitioners to provide services outside a geographically limited area.
- Lack of practitioners who have training & confidence to identify needs for AT services.
- Expand capacity of practitioners who can identify needs
- Make practitioners work longer hours
- Teach practitioners new ways to see more clients in less time (preferred method)
- Increase number of practitioners who can identify needs
- Bus them in from Canada
- Provide training on needs identification for pre-professionals and existing practitioners (preferred method)
Remote Assessment: Seeing More Clients in Less Time
- Make expertise available without requiring practitioners to make costly on-site assessments
- Utilize HR or local service providers to help conduct assessments
- Collect data and send it to remote practitioner
- Bring remote practitioner into workplace through tele-technology
Importance of Bringing Practitioners into the Workplace
This slide has a graphic depicting Lawtonís Environmental Press Model. Competence of the person is on the vertical plane and Environmental Demands is on the horizontal plane. It shows that competence and the demands of the environment will intersect and impact performance in a negative, neutral, or positive way.
How Can Tele-Technology Help?
- Bring practitioners into the environment to assess:
- the client (person)
- the work environment (place)
- client completing work tasks in his/her work environment (performance)
- Provides opportunity for interactive, real time assessment
- Many studies demonstrating the effectiveness of a variety of telehealth technologies for diagnostics & to monitor physical condition and physiological status.
- Few studies documenting use of tele-technology for assessing needs in different environments.
- Existing studies focus on home modifications.
- Sanford, J.A. & Butterfield, T. (2005). Using remote assessment to provide home modification services to underserved elders. The Gerontologist 45(3); 389-398.
- Hoenig, H., Sanford, J.A., Griffiths, P.M., et. al (in press). Development of a tele-technology protocol for in-home rehabilitation. Journal of Rehabilitation R&D.
From Home Mods to Workplace Accommodations
- Utilize Same Equipment
- Adapt Protocol
- Develop New Assessment
Analysis of Existing Instruments
- Acquired 53 instruments currently being used to perform AT evaluations or assess the workplace
- Sent requests through listservs, organizations, companies and professionals, reaching over 6000 people
- Searched for journal articles through EBSCOhost, ProQuest, PubMed, Georgia Tech E-Journals, physical library at CATEA
- Google search terms: AT, employment, evaluation, assessment, work, accommodation, adaptation
- Preliminary analysis of instruments
- Who developed: commercial, organization developed, and personal
- Purpose: AT, functional capacity, job analysis, ADA
- Settings: school, work, community, home, and non-specific work settings