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Workplace RERC


State of the Science Conference
September 15-16, 2005

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Managing the Health and Productivity Connection: The Politics of Incapacity & Aging

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Slides Index Slides 1-14 Slides 15-26

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  1. Managing the Health and Productivity Connection: The Politics of Incapacity & Aging
  2. Corporate Work - Health Competing Interests
  3. Three Future Health & Productivity Issues
  4. The Boomer Bubble
  5. The Boomer Bubble
  6. The Boomer Bubble
  7. The Boomer Bubble
  8. 50+ Work Capacities
  9. Corporate 50+ Issues
  10. Work-related lost time claims by age group
  11. Duration of work-related claims
  12. Distribution of short (STD) and long (LTD) term disability by age
  13. Risk dynamics-STD by major impairment category
  14. Risk dynamics-most frequent long term impairments

Slide 1 of 26

Managing the Health and Productivity Connection: The Politics of Incapacity & Aging

9.15.05
Atlanta, Georgia
Kenneth Mitchell, Ph.D.
Chattanooga, TN


Slide 2 of 26

Corporate Work - Health Competing Interests

Source: Mayo Clinic, 2005


Slide 3 of 26

Three Future Health & Productivity Issues


Slide 4 of 26

The Boomer Bubble

Graphic: As the boomers age, different issues gain importance.

  • Around 1965, the boomers were 0-20 and the issues were schools and culture
  • Around 1985, the boomers were 20-40 and the issues were jobs and housing
  • Around 2005, the boomers are 40-60 and the issues are politics and health benefits
  • Around 2025, the boomers will be 60-80 and the issues will be healthcare and social security

  • Slide 5 of 26

    The Boomer Bubble

    Graph: A bar graph of men and women in various age groups, in 1990, shows a bulge in the population who were 20-44. Other than the population bulge, the number of people in each age group decreases as the people get older.


    Slide 6 of 26

    The Boomer Bubble

    Graph: A 2025 version of the same graph shows very little decrease in population between age groups, up to the age 70. The number of people in the age groups 55-74 increases significantly.


    Slide 7 of 26

    The Boomer Bubble

    Graph: A 2050 version of the same graph shows a further increase in the populations over 75.


    Slide 8 of 26

    50+ Work Capacities

    Work Style

  • Lower incidence of work related injuries, unscheduled absences - increased severity
  • Adaptability to change more a function of training/education and personal choice
  • Job experience mitigates changing physical skills
  • High speed problem solving/ repetitive tasks different from the younger employee
  • Work Capacity - Physical

  • Exposure to high thermal stress reduces performance
  • Responds poorly to heavy continuous effort with enforced high work rates
  • Reduced cardio respiratory capacity contributes decreased effort tolerance
  • Sensory functions and muscular strength diminishes with age @ age 50 +
  • Work Capacity - Cognitive/ Affective

  • Age related intellectual and personality development improves work efficiencies
  • Job satisfaction or lack of offers differential impact on productivity
  • Changes in career/ life style priorities
  • Assessment and management of job stressors

  • Slide 9 of 26

    Corporate 50+ Issues

    Productivity

  • Retention of the intellectual capital/skills of the 50+ work force especially through mergers/acquisitions and various organizational changes
  • Increased demand for flexible work site, work tasks and work schedules
  • Filling the post age wave personnel gap with an emerging 60+ worker pool
  • Health

  • Healthcare costs for employees/dependents & retirees
  • Increased risk factors by age, weight & chronic disease
  • Impact on family economic stability
  • Corporate Work - Health Culture

  • Changes in expectations and definitions of benefit plans, retirement.
  • e.g. Defined Benefit to Defined Contribution
  • Living longer, more active creating expectations/need for continued work
  • Intergenerational transfer of organizational memory

  • Slide 10 of 26

    Work-related lost time claims by age group

    Bar graph: Incidence of lost time claims per age group

  • Age 20-34 - about 11 incidence per 1000
  • Age 35-44 - about 11 incidence per 1000
  • Age 45-54 - about 10 incidence per 1000
  • Age 55 and over - about 8 incidence per 1000
  • Source: 2002/2003 Bureau of Labor Statistics & 2003 Current Population Survey, U.S. Department of Labor


    Slide 11 of 26

    Duration of work-related claims

    Graph: A bar graph shows the median days away from work for various age groups:

  • Age 20-34 - about 6 days
  • Age 35-44 - about 8 days
  • Age 45-54 - about 10 days
  • Age 55 and over - about 12 days
  • Source: 2002/2003 Bureau of Labor Statistics & 2003 Current Population Survey, U.S. Department of Labor


    Slide 12 of 26

    Distribution of short (STD) and long (LTD) term disability by age

    Bar graph:

    Age under 30

  • Short term disability - 20%
  • Long term disability - 7%
  • Age 30-39

  • Short term disability - 30%
  • Long term disability - 18%
  • Age 40-49

  • Short term disability - 25%
  • Long term disability - 28%
  • Age 50-59

  • Short term disability - 19%
  • L
  • ong term disability - 34%
  • Age 60 and over

  • Short term disability - 7%
  • Long term disability - 12%
  • Source: UnumProvident Disability Database, 2002-2004.


    Slide 13 of 26

    Risk dynamics-STD by major impairment category

    Bar graph show distribution of short term disability types for two age groups:

    Under 40 years old

  • Accident - 11%
  • Sickness - 38%
  • Maternity - 51%
  • Under 40 years old

  • Accident - 16%
  • Sickness - 82%
  • Maternity - 2%
  • Source: UnumProvident Disability Database, 2002-2004.


    Slide 14 of 26

    Risk dynamics-most frequent long term impairments

    Bar graph shows the most frequent long term impairments for two age groups:

    Circulatory

  • Under 40 years old - 3%
  • Over 40 years old - 8%
  • Cancer

  • Under 40 years old - 7%
  • Over 40 years old - 17%
  • Mental Nervous

  • Under 40 years old - 10%
  • Over 40 years old - 7%
  • Accident

  • Under 40 years old - 12%
  • Over 40 years old - 10%
  • Back

  • Under 40 years old - 13%
  • Over 40 years old - 15%
  • Maternity

  • Under 40 years old - 26%
  • Over 40 years old - 0%
  • Source: UnumProvident Disability Database, 2002-2004.



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