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Workplace RERC


State of the Science Conference
September 15-16, 2005

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Workplace Personal Assistance Services (PAS)

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Slides Index Slides 1-15 Slides 16-31 Slides 32-43

Slides On This Page

  1. Workplace Personal Assistance Services (PAS)
  2. Center for Personal Assistance Services?
  3. Center for PAS
  4. Research Project 4: Workplace PAS
  5. Personal Assistance Services Defined
  6. Developing knowledge about workplace PAS
  7. Examples of workplace personal assistance services
  8. Not workplace PAS
  9. How many workers with disabilities receive workplace PAS? (NHIS-D)
  10. Those most likely to receive accommodations
  11. Tracking changes in workplace PAS policy
  12. ADA
  13. ADA
  14. TWIIAA definition of WPPAS
  15. Medicaid Infrastructure Grants (MIG): Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Improvement Act of 1999

Slide 1 of 43

Workplace Personal Assistance Services (PAS)

Center for Personal Assistance Services (PAS) at the University of California,
San Francisco (UCSF)


Slide 2 of 43

Center for Personal Assistance Services?

Center for Personal Assistance Services
Center for PAS was established at the University of California, San Francisco in 2003, funded by a 5 year program grant from the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDDR).

Mission: to provide research, training, dissemination and technical assistance on issues of personal assistance services (PAS) in the United States.

 


Slide 3 of 43

Center for PAS

The Center provides research, training, dissemination & technical assistance on four main issues:

Slide 4 of 43

Research Project 4: Workplace PAS

  • Study Workplace PAS and evaluate models to eliminate barriers and establish best practices
  • Interviews with consumers, employers, employment organizations (60 total in Year 1)
  • Tracking state and federal policies encouraging Workplace PAS
  • Conducted by InfoUse and JAN

  • Slide 5 of 43

    Personal Assistance Services Defined

    Workplace Personal Assistance Services (Workplace PAS) include task-related assistance at work, such as readers, interpreters, help with lifting or reaching, re-assignment of non-essential duties to co-workers, and other help related to performing work tasks and personal care-related assistance such as helping someone with toileting, eating, or drinking while at work.
    From the Center for Personal Assistance Services at University of California, San Francisco.


    Slide 6 of 43

    Developing knowledge about workplace PAS

    PAS is part of the accommodation spectrum, and there is currently a growing awareness of the needs for PAS at work.”
    Source: Center on an Aging Society, Issue Brief: Workers Affected by Chronic Conditions: How can workplace policies and programs help? Georgetown University www.aging-society.org
    We don’t know as much about the need and use of workplace PAS as we know about AT as an accommodation


    Slide 7 of 43

    Examples of workplace personal assistance services


    Slide 8 of 43

    Not workplace PAS

  • Help getting dressed and ready for work
  • A volunteer providing transportation to and from work

  • Slide 9 of 43

    How many workers with disabilities receive workplace PAS? (NHIS-D)

    Need Accommodation Receive Accommodation
      Need Accommodation Receive Accommodation

    Overall

    15.6% 12.2%
    PA for job tasks 1.1% 0.7%
    Reader or interpreter 0.2% 0.1%
    Job coach 0.6% 0.6%

    Source: Zwerling et.al.(2003), Workplace Accommodations for People with Disabilities: NHIS-D 1994-1995,JOEM, V. 45, Number 5, May 2003

    Slide 10 of 43

    Those most likely to receive accommodations:


    Slide 11 of 43

    Tracking changes in workplace PAS policy

  • An Accommodation Under the Americans with Disabilities Act
  • State Medicaid Infrastructure Grant (MIG) and Waiver Funding
  • State Vocational Rehabilitation Agency Direct Funding

  • Slide 12 of 43

    ADA

  • Covers employers with 15 or more employees
  • Covers applicants and employees if they meet the ADA definition of disability and they are qualified for the position
  • ADA specifically excludes personal care PAS from the employer responsibility
  • Source: Silverstein, R. (2003). Policy Brief: The Applicability of the ADA to Personal Assistance in the Workplace. Boston, MA: The Institute for Community Inclusion.


    Slide 13 of 43

    ADA

  • While the ADA specifically addresses task related assistance on the job some people need both task and personal assistance to succeed in the workplace.

  • Slide 14 of 43

    TWIIAA definition of WPPAS

    Broader than the ADA language:

    “a range of services provided by one or more persons designed to assist an individual with a disability to perform daily living activities on or off the job that the individual would typically perform if the individual did not have a disability. Such services shall be designed to increase the individual’s control in life and ability to perform everyday activities on or off the job.”


    Slide 15 of 43

    Medicaid Infrastructure Grants (MIG): Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Improvement Act of 1999

    Encourages states to adopt the option of allowing individuals with disabilities to purchase Medicaid coverage that is necessary to enable such individuals to maintain employment. (“Buy-in”)

    For instance, California has changed the rules for using InHome Support Services hours, to allow use of hours at work.



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