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Workplace RERC


State of the Science Conference
September 15-16, 2005

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Workplace Accommodation Use by Aging Workers

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Slides Index Slides 1-15 Slides 16-31

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  1. Workplace Accommodation Use by Aging Workers
  2. Work RERC
  3. Prevalence of Disabilities Among Workers
  4. Why Older Workers?
  5. Percent Distribution of Income by Source for Those Aged 65 Years and Older, 1998
  6. Many Older Workers Plan to Work Past Retirement
  7. Age is a Predictor of Disability (McNeil, 2001; US Census)
  8. Consumer Advisory Network: CAN
  9. CAN Employment Distribution
  10. Survey of User Needs
  11. Survey of User Needs
  12. Education and Income Status
  13. Age and Gender
  14. Age and Limitation
  15. Difficulty Performing Visual Tasks

Slide 1 of 29

Workplace Accommodation Use by Aging Workers

Michael Williams, Ph.D.
Jon A. Sanford, M.Arch.
Jesse Zolna, M.S.

RERC on Workplace Accommodations
Logos: National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR), Center for Assistive Technology and Environmental Access (CATEA) at the Georgia Institute of Technology’s College of Architecture


Slide 2 of 29

Work RERC

Supported by grant #H133E020720 from the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR),
U.S. Department of Education


Slide 3 of 29

Prevalence of Disabilities Among Workers

Disability:

  • Full-time workers - 43%
  • Part-time workers - 9%
  • Not working - 49%

    No Disability:

  • Full-time workers - 76%
  • Part-time workers - 8%
  • Not working - 16%

    Source: Disability Research Institute & Social Security Administration, 2003 from Survey of Income and Program Participation


    Slide 4 of 29

    Why Older Workers?

    There are a lot, and the number is increasing

  • From 2000-2015, the annual growth rate of persons 55+ in U.S. labor force will be nearly 4 times that of the overall labor force (Tossi, 2004)
  • By 2015, persons age 65+ will reach 46.8 million, as compared to 34.9 million in 2000 (US Census, 2005)
  • One in five people age 65-74 are working (Tossi, 2004)
  • Overall, 15% of Americans 65+ are currently working or actively seeking work (Tossi, 2004)
  • Increases in retirement age from 65 to 67 will likewise increase the number of older workers

  • Slide 5 of 29

    Percent Distribution of Income by Source for Those Aged 65 Years and Older, 1998

  • Pie Chart:
  • Social Security - 37.6%
  • Earnings - 20.7%
  • Income from Assets - 19.9%
  • Employer Benefits - 18.7%
  • Other - 3.1%

    Source: Social Security Administration, March 2000


    Slide 6 of 29

    Many Older Workers Plan to Work Past Retirement

    Bar Graph:

  • Plan to Work - 69%
  • Don’t Plan to Work - 28%

    Source: The AARP Work and Career Study by RoperASW, 2002

    Speaker Notes:

  • According to the AARP, many individuals are planning to work beyond retirement. Almost 70 percent of employees plan on working past retirement, adding to the number of aging workers in the workplace.
  • Because workers are remaining employed longer and the likelihood of having a disability increases with age, there is potential for a large number of these aging workers to develop a disability and need accommodations to remain employed.

  • Slide 7 of 29

    Age is a Predictor of Disability (McNeil, 2001; US Census)

    Disability

  • Age 45-54 - 22.6%
  • Age 65-69 - 44.9%
  • Severe Disability

  • Age 45-54 - 13.9%
  • Age 65-69 - 30.7%
  • Personal Assistant

  • Age 45-54 - 3.6%
  • Age 65-69 - 8.1%

  • Slide 8 of 29

    Consumer Advisory Network: CAN

    Pool of subjects for research (N=1012)
    Non-random, self selected sample

    Bar graph shows number of subjects in each age and functional limitation group:

      18-29 30-39
    40-49
    50-59
    60-69
    70+
    Physical 18 39 71 87 35 36
    Visual 16 31 47 40 14 10
    Hearing 14 48 95 117 72 37
    Cognitive 9 8 15 11 4 1

    Speaker Notes:

  • Upon initial analysis of the sample, we found that 34% of the respondents were over the age of 55 and almost 44% of them indicated that they were still working.
  • This graph shows, in more depth, the age distribution of the respondents. As you can see there is a large group of baby boomers, representing the aging of workers with disabilities and, potentially, older adults aging into disability.
  • Because 394 people are over 50 years old and many of them are still working, looking at employment issues for the aging worker with a disability was identified as an area that needed further exploration.

  • Slide 9 of 29

    CAN Employment Distribution

    Pie Chart:

  • Professional & Technical - 28%
  • Admin. Support - 16%
  • Marketing & Sales - 8%
  • Service - 7%
  • Production - 1%
  • Unemployed - 34%
  • Unknown - 6%

    Speaker Notes:

  • Professional & Technical = Engineer, computer technician, lawyer, social worker, teacher, medical professional
  • Natural Resources, Construction less than 1%
  • Nationally, the unemployment rate is closer to 70%

  • Slide 10 of 29

    Survey of User Needs


    Slide 11 of 29

    Survey of User Needs

  • 510 respondents
  • Survey data was collected via internet, telephone interviews, and mail
  • Attempt to recruit participants from a wide array of disability groups and sources

  • Slide 12 of 29

    Education and Income Status

    Education (N=484)

  • HS Diploma - 11.8% (N=57)
  • Some College - 21.7% (N=105)
  • 4yr College - 20.5% (N=99)
  • Graduate Work - 33.4% (N=162)
  • Prof./Post Grad - 6.2% (N=30)

    Income (N=414)

  • <$12000 - 18.9% (N=78)
  • $12000 – $19999 - 21.3% (N=88)
  • $20000 – $29999 - 19.1% (N=79)
  • $30000 – $49999 - 17.9% (N=74)
  • $50000+ - 22.9% (N=95)

  • Slide 13 of 29

    Age and Gender

    Bar graph shows respondent distribution by age and gender:

    Under 55

  • Male - 113
  • Female - 204
  • Total - 317
  • Age 55-64

  • Male - 52
  • Female - 68
  • Total - 120
  • 65 or Older

  • Male - 20
  • Female - 27
  • Total - 47

  • Slide 14 of 29

    Age and Limitation

    Bar graph shows respondent distribution by age and functional limitation:

    Mental

  • Under 55 - 28.8%
  • Age 55-64 - 23.6%
  • 65 or Older - 22.4%
  • Sensory

  • Under 55 - 46.6%
  • Age 55-64 - 53.7%
  • 65 or Older - 65.3%
  • Communication

  • Under 55 - 52.5%
  • Age 55-64 - 44.7%
  • 65 or Older - 49.0%

    Motor

  • Under 55 - 90.9%
  • Age 55-64 - 90.2%
  • 65 or Older - 83.7%

  • Slide 15 of 29

    Difficulty Performing Visual Tasks

    Percent respondents within age group that have this functional limitation:

  • Age 18-54 - 28% (N=92)
  • Age 55-64 - 32% (N=39)
  • 65 or Older - 18% (N=9)
  • All Ages - 29% (N=141)
  • Types of Difficulties:

  • Reading a computer monitor
  • Reading paper documents
  • Perceiving colored lights or controls
  • With high contrast
  • Sensing visual stimuli
  • Seeing objects from far away
  • Seeing because of improper lighting


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